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Adaptation Strategies for Discontinuous Galerkin Spectral Element Methods by means of Truncation Err


Kompenhans, Moritz


Ferrer Vaccarezza, Esteban; Valero Sánchez, Eusebio

Research area

Space Science

Affiliated Research Center

Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

In this work a p-adaptation (modification of the polynomial order) strategy based on the minimization of the truncation error is developed for high order discontinuous Galerkin methods. The truncation error is approximated by means of a truncation error estimation procedure and enables the identification of mesh regions that require adaptation. Three truncation error estimation approaches are developed and termed a posteriori, quasi-a priori and quasi-a priori corrected. Fine solutions, which are obtained by enriching the polynomial order, are required to solve the numerical problem with adequate accuracy. For the three truncation error estimation methods the former needs time converged solutions, while the last two rely on non-converged solutions, which lead to faster computations. Based on these truncation error estimation methods, algorithms for mesh adaptation were designed and tested. Firstly, an isotropic adaptation approach is presented, which leads to equally distributed polynomial orders in different coordinate directions. This first implementation is improved by incorporating a method to extrapolate the truncation error. This results in a significant reduction of computational cost. Secondly, the employed high order method permits the spatial decoupling of the estimated errors and enables anisotropic p-adaptation. The incorporation of anisotropic features leads to meshes with different polynomial orders in the different coordinate directions such that flow-features related to the geometry are resolved in a better manner. These adaptations result in a significant reduction of degrees of freedom and computational cost, while the amount of improvement depends on the test-case. Finally, this anisotropic approach is extended by using error extrapolation which leads to an even higher reduction in computational cost. These strategies are verified and compared in terms of accuracy and computational cost for the Euler and the compressible Navier-Stokes equations. The main result is that the two quasi-a priori methods achieve a significant reduction in computational cost when compared to a uniform polynomial enrichment. Namely, for a viscous boundary layer flow, we obtain a speedup of a factor of 6.6 and 7.6 for the quasi-a priori and quasi-a priori corrected approaches, respectively